Which Organelle Produces Proteins

Which Organelle Produces Proteins – Every cell in your body contains organelles (structures that have specific functions). Just like organs in the body, each organelle contributes in its own way to helping the cell function well as a whole. The nucleus, mitochondria and chloroplasts are all organelles. Each organelle has a specific function much like organs in the body. These organelles work together to perform all of the necessary functions of the cell, like making proteins.

Which Organelle Produces Proteins

Which Organelle Produces Proteins

Which Organelle Produces Proteins – The nucleus, the organelle that houses the cell’s DNA or genetic information. he nucleus as a genetic library that stores all of the necessary information to make proteins. The nucleus is composed of a lipid bilayer, which forms a protective barrier around the cell’s DNA. Inside the nucleus DNA segments called genes are transcribed as needed by RNA polymerases, which code a complementary strand of mRNA.

Different types of cells have different amounts of some organelles. For instance, cells that use a lot of energy tend to contain large numbers of mitochondria (the organelle responsible for harvesting energy from food). That’s why very active muscle cells are often full of mitochondria.

Ribosomes – are the cell organelles that manufacture protein in and for a cell. They are present in prokaryotes as well as eukaryotes. There are two types of ribosomes on the basis of their subunits.

Rough endoplasmic reticulum – Involved in the synthesis of proteins; has ribosomes attached to its surface.

Basically it’s Rough endoplasmic reticulum that play a significant role in protein synthesis and Ribosomes in protein assembling.

 

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