4 Mental Disorders That Cause Insomnia

Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulties in starting to sleep.

You will often waking up at a night and having difficulty to falling asleep again. Or you will wake up earlier than usual and find it hard to go back to sleep after waking up.

Having trouble in sleeping makes your body tired in the next day. You become sleepy and cannot concentrate properly when on the move.

This insomnia symptom tends to be more common in people with mental disorders.

Insomnia is not only a disease, but also a symptom of an illness. How can? If this sleep disorder occurs without other health problems, insomnia is referred to as primary illness or insomnia.

Usually this happens due to alcohol use or side effects of certain drugs.

Meanwhile, if insomnia arises due to certain medical conditions, this kind of insomnia is referred to as secondary insomnia.

Generally these symptoms of insomnia occur in people with asthma, arthritis, or mental problems.

Mental problems that cause symptoms of insomnia

There are some mental problems that cause symptoms of insomnia, including:

1. Depression

About three quarters of depressed patients have insomnia symptoms. These symptoms have a major impact on quality of life and can encourage patients to carry out suicide attempts.

Depression is a mood disorder that causes a person to feel sad, hopeless, helpless, and worthless. All these negative emotions take your mind so that it makes it difficult for you to sleep.

2. Anxiety disorders

Nearly 90% of adults with anxiety disorders report experiencing symptoms of moderate to severe insomnia. People with anxiety disorders tend to be more anxious, express it excessively, and have difficulty coping with it.

Even though the body is exhausted, fear, alertness, and worries that continue to appear make it difficult for a person to try to sleep well.

3. Panic attacks

Panic attacks cause the heart to beat fast, trembling, dizziness, excessive sweating, and shortness of breath.

The majority of patients with this disorder usually experience nocturnal panic attacks, it is a panic attacks that occur during sleeping.

Nocturnal panic attacks can develop symptoms of insomnia because patients are afraid and try to avoid sleep.

4. Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder causes a person to experience extreme mood changes, from depression (depressed) to mania (active uncontrolled).

A study shows that during episodes of depression and mania, almost all patients feel symptoms of insomnia.

Just like depression in general, bipolar patients who are experiencing this episode also cannot sleep peacefully.

While during the episodes of mania, it is likely to make them forget of their fatigue so they cannot start to sleep.

If symptoms of insomnia continue to occur, what is the impact?

Sleep is the time for the body to rest. If sleep is not enough, you become sleepy, tired, and irritable.

Especially for people with mental problems, if the disorders do not improve, it will reduce the quality of the patients’ life.

For example, those who tend not to eat well will certainly decrease their immune system. Various infections from viruses, fungi, or bacteria become more susceptible. Other symptoms of depression will also get worse.

How to improve sleep if you have mental problems

The key to overcoming symptoms of insomnia related to mental problems is to treat the mental problems they have. If not, the quality of sleep may not improve optimally or it will recur easily.

Well, to overcome the mental problems, you usually will take a drug therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), inhalation therapy with visualization, and other therapies that recommended by doctors.

In addition, there are additional ways that you can apply to improve the quality of sleeping, namely making a schedule when to sleep and when to wake up.

If you usually sleep at 1 o’clock at night, then try to go to the bed early, which is to reduce one hour beforehand. Apply it gradually in a few weeks so that you get used to it.